WHAT IS SUCRALOSE?
Sucralose is the only calorie-free sweetener obtained from sugar and has the advantage of preserving the authentic flavour of sugar.
Sucralose can be used as part of a healthy diet to replace table sugar and eliminate or reduce the calorie content of meals.
Sucralose is 600 times sweeter than saccharose, which is why it is used in the food industry to replace sugar in low-calorie drinks and processed foods.
HOW IS SUCRALOSE OBTAINED?
Sucralose is extracted from sugar by an halogenation process in which three hydroxyl group atoms of the sucrose molecule are selectively substituted with three chlorine atoms.
These chlorine atoms give it a molecular structure of great stability and a sweetening power 600 times bigger than sugar.
The incorporation of chlorine causes the release of calories because this element transforms the sucralose molecule into inert, both chemically and biologically, so that the sucralose passes through the body without being absorbed and is eliminated after consumption.
Unlike other sweeteners, sucralose is heat-stable and is resistant to a broad spectrum of pH; it can therefore be used in all types of recipes and added to long-term products
IS THE USE OF SUCRALOSE IN FOOD PRODUCTS REGULATED?
In 1990, sucralose was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the FAO / WHO Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives.
In 1998, the FDA approved the use of sucralose in 15 food and beverage categories, following a rigorous analysis process. A few months later, the use of sucralose as a general-purpose sweetener was authorized, allowing it to be used in foods, beverages, food supplements and medicines.
Currently, sucralose has been approved for use in more than 80 countries around the world and is authorized for use in more than 4,000 products. In Spain, in particular, it was approved by "Royal Decree 2002/1995 of 7 December 1995", which approves the list of sweeteners authorized for use in the production of food products, as well as their conditions of production. (B.O.E. 12.01.1996) and Royal Decree 2197/2004 from 25 November.
In order to authorize them, the European Union subjects sweeteners to the strict examination of the Scientific Committee for Human Nutrition (SCF), which determines whether a product can be used and which is the acceptable daily intake (ADI).
The ADI (Acceptable Daily Intake) of sucralose was set at 15 mg per kilogram of body weight by JECFA (FAO / WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives) and by the Scientific Committee for Food (SCF) in the European Union in September 2000.
In the European Union, sucralose is marketed under the code additive E-955 Sucralose.
IS IT SCIENTIFICALLY EVALUATED?
Sucralose is a safe product that has no known side effects. More than 100 scientific studies conducted over the last 20 years guarantee its safety, as it has been subjected to controls and toxicological studies carried out and evaluated by the best scientists and international experts from a wide range of disciplines.
All of these studies have favourably concluded its safety and security for the human body.
WHICH IS THE RECOMMENDED DAILY SUCRALOSE INTAKE?
The Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) should ensure that no person with very different consumption habits from the average will exceed the recommended maximum. It is therefore defined as "the estimate of the amount of food additive, expressed as a function of body weight that can be ingested daily throughout life without appreciable risk to health".
The margin of consumption of sucralose is very wide given its safety.
The ADI for sucralose was set at 15 mg per kg of body weight per day by the Joint FAO / WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) and the Scientific Committee on Food (Scientific Committee on Food FSC).
Thus, we put 2 examples that can serve as a guide:
- An individual weighing 75 kg can consume 1125 mg of sucralose a day, or about 11 tablespoons of Sucralín granulated per day, or the equivalent of 840 g of sugar.
- A person weighing 60 kg can consume 900 mg of sucralose a day, or about 9 tablespoons Sucralín granulated per day, or the equivalent of 675g of sugar.
Since the consumption of sucralose poses no health risk, it can be consumed daily without fear of exceeding the maximum level of safe consumption.
IS SUCRALOSE ABSORBED BY THE ORGANISM?
The molecular structure obtained during the manufacture of sucralose has particular characteristics that make it unrecognizable for digestive enzymes and makes digestion impossible. Therefore, it will not be absorbed by the body, it will pass through the digestive system without being altered or metabolized and it will be eliminated by the intestine.
Because it is not absorbed, it is not metabolized, so it does not provide calories and does not affect blood glucose or insulin levels.
CAN CHLORINE CONTAINING SUCRALOSE BE HARMFUL FOR HEALTH?
Chlorine is a natural element found in water, salt and many other foods that we consume daily, such as fruits or vegetables.
The addition of chlorine to the sucralose molecule makes it inactive and contributes to its lack of calories. Sucralose is therefore not metabolized and is eliminated after consumption.
The result is a very stable sweetener that maintains the taste of sugar but without its calories.
IN WHAT KIND OF PRODUCTS IS SUCRALOSE INCLUDED?
Sucralose is used in the preparation of low-calorie products such as soft drinks, ice creams, dairy desserts and pastry products
The FDA allows the use of sucralose in various food and beverage categories:
• Bakery products and pastry mixes
• Beverages and drinks bases
• Chewing gum
• Coffee and tea
• Jams and toppings for sweet cakes
• Dairy substitutes
• Fats and oils (salad dressings)
• Frozen dairy desserts and blends to prepare them
• Fruit and water ice cream
• Jellies, creams and fodder
• Jams and jellies
• Dairy products
• Fruit juices and processed fruits
• Sugar substitutes
• Sauces, toppings and sweet syrups
SUCRALOSE LOSES SUGARING POWER WHEN IT IS SUBJECTED TO HIGH TEMPERATURES?
One of the exclusive properties of sucralose is that it can be used as an ordinary sugar without losing its sweet taste, because unlike other sweeteners, it remains stable even in applications requiring prolonged exposure to high temperatures.
Sucralose products retain their sweet taste after cooking, like sugar, and leave no bitter aftertaste and no dry mouth, unlike other sweeteners.
WHY IS SUCRALÍN ADAPTED TO DIABETICS ANNOUNCED UNDER 0% CALORIES OF SUGAR, IF IT IS APPRECIATED IN THE NUTRITIONAL INFORMATION IN THE LABEL THAT IT CONTAINS CALORIES?
The Sucralín family granulated contains 83.7g of carbohydrates, which in their entirety come from non-digestible fibers.
Althoug these fibers contains calories, they are not metabolized and they are eliminated by the faeces. Therefore, these calories are not brought to the body.
WHAT ARE THE EQUIVALENCES OF SUCRALÍN-BASED PRODUCTS IN RELATION TO SUGAR?
Equivalence in sugar:
- Family granulated: 2 g of Sucralín (1 tablespoon of coffee) is equal to 15 g of sugar (1 tablespoon).
- Special granulated for diabetics: 3 g of Sucralín (1 dessert spoon) is equal to 15 g of sugar (1 tablespoon).
- Sucralín liquid: 8 drops of Sucralín is equal to 7.5 g of sugar (1 dessert spoon).
- Sachets: 1 bag of 1 g of Sucralín is equal to 7.5 g of sugar (1 dessert spoon).
- Tablets: 1 Sucralín tablet is equal to 7.5 g sugar (1 dessert spoon).
Some equivalence for recipes:
- 100g of sugar equivalent to 13.5g of Sucralín family granulated or 20g of Sucralín granulated for diabetics.
- 250 g of sugar equivalent to 33.5 g of Sucralín family granulated or 50g of Sucralín granulated for diabetics.
- 500g of sugar equivalent to 67g Sucralín family granulated or Sucralín adapted to diabetics.
Some house measures:
- 6 g of family granulated Sucralín is equal to a tablespoon of Sucralín.
- 3 g of family granulated Sucralín is equal to 1 dessert spoon of Sucralín.
- 2 g of family granulated Sucralín is equal to 1 teaspoon
CAN SUCRALÍN BE TAKEN IN WEIGHT REGIMES?
Sucralín is an alkaline sweetener that replaces sugar and therefore helps to reduce caloric intake of foods and beverages in diets. For example, replacing 2 teaspoons of sugar with Sucralín family granulated reduces caloric intake by about 45 Kcal, since 15 g of sugar provides 60 kcal against 4 g of Sucralín.
Sucralín is an excellent sweetener to reduce sugar calories without sacrificing flavour.
It is necessary to specify that you will not lose weight simply by using sweeteners without calories; it is also necessary to follow a low calorie diet controlled by a nutritionist and to practice sports regularly.
CAN DIABETICS TAKE SUCRALOSE?
The molecule of sucralose is not recognized by the body as a carbohydrate. Therefore, people with diabetes can safely consume it, because if it is not absorbed, the body does not use it to get energy. As a result, sucralose does not interfere with insulin production and does not affect blood sugar levels.
IS SUCRALÍN SUITABLE FOR CELIAC PEOPLE?
Sucralín does not include ingredients containing gluten or gluten-derived cereal grains because the maltodextrin used is derived from corn starch, a cereal that does not contain gluten. It is therefore a product perfectly suited to celiac people.
IS SUCRALÍN SUITABLE FOR PHENYLKETONURICS?
Some sweeteners such as aspartame contain in their composition the amino acid phenylalanine, so they are contraindicated in the case of phenylketonuria.
Sucralin does not contain phenylalanine, so it is a suitable product for phenylketonurics.
CAN YOU TAKE SUCRALOSE DURING PREGNANCY AND BREASTFEEDING?
Sucralose is suitable for all people, even in physiological situations of pregnancy or breastfeeding. Although sucralose can be used as part of a balanced diet, it is recommended that pregnant or breastfeeding women consult their doctor or nutritionist because, at this stage, energy needs are increased and they must make an assessment to determine if caloric intake should be increased or reduced based on weight.
IS SUCRALOSE RELIABLE FOR CHILDREN?
Yes, sucralose-based foods and beverages are not harmful to children's health and can be safely consumed. Even in this case, it is advisable to consult the paediatrician or the nutritionist, because low-calorie products are not recommended primarily as part of the diet of children, because the growing season is a stage that requires a bigger nutritional and energy intake. On the other hand, they will be recommended in cases where the child has diabetes or overweight.
CAN SUCRALOSE PRODUCE CAVITIES?
There is evidence that sucralose does not cause tooth cavities. Studies show that sucralose has a significantly lower potential for tooth cavities than sugar, although it contains a small amount of carbohydrate to give texture and volume to foods.
However, it should be kept in mind that the foods or drinks with which it is consumed may contain carbohydrates.
CAN SUCRALOSE BE A PART OF A BALANCED REGIME?
Yes, of course. Sucralose can be incorporated into a balanced diet as long as the diet is varied and includes dairy products, cereals, legumes, fruits and vegetables.
Because sucralose does not provide calories, it is ideal for consumers who want to prepare mouth-watering recipes but without the calories of sugar.
WHAT DIFFERENCES ARE THERE BETWEEN FAMILY GRANULATED SUCRALÍN AND FAMILY GRANULATED FOR DIABETICS?
Sucralín granulated for diabetics is composed of dextrin, an intermediate product in the hydrolysis of starches, whose structure is not digestible by amylases, so it is not absorbed in the intestine and therefore does not provide calories.
In contrast, Sucralin family granulated contains maltodextrin, a polysaccharide extracted by hydrolysis of starch, which is digestible and easily absorbed by the intestine. It is digestible, so it provides calories. Nevertheless, the amount of calories brought is minimal given the amount consumed.